LEGAL PROTECTION AGAINST WOMEN VICTIMS BY THE INDONESIAN DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ACT 23, 2004

Hanafi Arief

Abstract


Domestic Violence, particularly against women is a social phenomenon which tends to increase from year to year and even from day to day. Many countries enacted special legislation to protect women from domestic violence based on the United Nation Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women (CEDAW). Indonesia adopted the conventions based on the Indonesian Act No. 7 of 1984 on the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, and issued Presidential Decree No. 9 of 1998 concerning the Commission on Violence against Women. Indonesia then enacted special legislation on domestic violence in 2004, namely Domestic Violence Act 23, 2004. This paper aims to understand how the Domestic Violence Act 23, 2004 protects women victims of domestic violence. The sources of law study are the basic rules and regulations, international conventions which have binding force legally. This is a library research using normative judicial approach, and the analysis is descriptive qualitative. The legal protection of women victims of domestic violence is an obligation, especially for countries that uphold human rights, because of the domestic violence constitutes crimes against humanity that are outstanding. This crime happens at any time either known or not, so it is described as an iceberg phenomenon. In addition, because this matter is private, many people do not want to intervene the matter. The strong culture of not interfering ones’ affairs also influences the police in law enforcement. Police often gives less respect for the report of the victims, and even ask the victims to go back to her husband or family

Keywords


legal protection; women victims; and domestic violence

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adillah, Siti Ummu. 2008. Analisis Penanganan Isteri Sebagai Korban Kekerasan Dalam Rumah Tangga (KDRT) Akibat Perlakauan Suami (Studi Kasus di Kawasan Tambak Lorok Semarang), Jurnal Hukum “Khaira Ummah”, Vol. III, No. 1, Semarang.

Alawiyah, Tutty. 1999. Kekerasan Seksual Wanita Sebagai Isu Global, Jurnal Kata dan Perbuatan, Jakarta: Kantor Menteri Negara Peranan Wanita RI.

Hasyim, Syafiq. 1999. Menakar “Harga” Perempuan. Bandung: Mizan.

http://insightsabah.gov.my/article/read/2537. (retrieved: Aug 26, 2016).

http://www.lgbt.uncla.edu/findout_violence.htnl. (retrieved: Aug 26, 2016).

Lily Zakiyah Munir, Stop Kekerasan Terhadap Perempuan, www.kompas.com/kompas. (retrieved: Aug 26, 2016).

Informasi penting tentang kekerasan terhadap perempuan dan anak. http://www.jurnalperempuan.com (retrieved: Aug 26, 2016).

Malaysian Ministry of Health: Domestic Violence (2008) http://www.infosihat.gov.my/penyakit/Dewasa/KeganasanRumahtangga. (retrieved: Sept 11, 2016).

Martin, Elizabeth A. 1997. Oxford Dictionary of Law, New York: Oxford University Press.

Mitra Perempuan, Women’s Crisis Centre, January 3, 2012, http://perempuan.or.id/kategori/statistik-catatan-tahunan/tahunan/. (retrieved: Aug 26, 2016).

Mulia, Musdah. 2002. Kekerasan Terhadap Perempuan (Mencari Akar Kekerasan dalam Teologi),Journal Women in Islam, Edisi I,Badan Kontak Majelis Taklim, Jakarta.

The Indonesian Constitution 1945.

The Presidential Decree No. 7, 1984 on the Commission of Violence against Women.

The UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW).

The 2004 Law No. 23 on Domestic Violence.

Polisi telusuri kembali lokasi penemuan jasad remaja wanita di kawasan hutan Jasinga Bogor, http://www.harianregional.com/2015/11/polisi-telusuri-kembali-lokasi-penemuan.html (retrieved: Aug 26, 2016).

Violence against women, Intimate partner and sexual violence against women, http://www.who.int/media centre/factsheets/fs239/en/ (retrieved: Aug 26, 2016).

Yusoff, Jal Zabdi Mohd. 2004. Jenayah Keganasan Rumah Tangga, Kuala Lumpur: Universiti Malaya.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.28946/slrev.Vol1.Iss1.12.pp110-121

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Sriwijaya Law Review (SLRev) ISSN: 2541-5298 | e-ISSN: 2541-6464 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License



SLRev has been indexed by:
 
    

SLRev Member of :